Top Programming Languages for Full Stack Developers

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full stack web developer languages

One reason why it’s so popular is that, despite its many iterations, Java is consistently stable. Full Stack Developers operate by compounding the different technological know-how in all the various layered applications to complete the whole project. The term “full-stack” applies to this whole process, from front-end to back-end. It is a lot to know, but that doesn’t mean you’re a know-it-all.

  • Python is a simple programming language that has a variety of features such as object-oriented programming, functional programming and structured programming.
  • Recently, it got the ECMAScript 2019, which released last year.
  • The idea of developers working in both client-side and server-side environments seems simple enough.
  • All software programming is done through coding languages, and Java is one of the top languages in today’s tech fields.

C++ is a general purpose, compiled, and statically typed programming language. Known as “C with Classes,” C++ is an extension of C with the functionality of user-defined data classes. Cloud-based storage is a great skill to master, as are relational databases.

Apart from that, CSS helps you save a lot of time because you can use one CSS file for multiple web pages. HTML5 has plenty of features which make it an exciting language to learn. To be an effective full-stack developer, you should acquire and continue upgrading your knowledge of applicable programming language skills.

Database Languages

If you’re starting from scratch, then online tutorials are an excellent way of working out if the field is for you. Now that you know what is a full-stack developer, it’s time to look at how to get there. It’s unsurprising that considering the broad range of skills from across the tech spectrum that they are expected to have, this position is a well-remunerated one. Drilling down a little to “full-stack web developer” shows up over 15,000 openings. You’re more valuable to a team when you are able to address and discuss both aspects of the web development process and bridge the disconnect. Now that you’ve learned what they actually are, another way to understand this job is by looking at what they do in their day-to-day.

This server-side web development language offers portability so that programmers can use it efficiently and easily. Full-stack developers use it to build social platforms, SaaS, and online stores. Moreover, it is extensively used to develop leading platforms like Shopify, Twitch, SoundCloud, Zendesk, and Instacart. It is alternatively termed “opinionated” software because it provides predictions for what a full-stack developer requires while coding. You can clear your doubts like – is python a full stack language? It is a dynamic programming language renowned for presenting a programmer-friendly interface for web development.

Some popular languages that contribute to efficient web development are HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, Python, and Ruby on Rails. Back end development refers to the part of the application that the user does not see. Back end developers focus on the logic of the site, creating servers, and working with databases and API’s (Application Programming Interfaces). They are responsible for coding end-to-end workflows by using both front-end and back-end technologies. MERN stack and MEAN stack are examples of JavaScript-based technology stacks that full stack developers can use to build end-to-end applications. We believe quality education should be accessible to everyone without any financial or geographical barriers.

Also known as the Logic Layer, this layer deals with everything other than the user interface. The data validation part forms the nucleus of this layer’s core structure. The developer here possesses fluent knowledge and expertise in programming languages like Python, PHP, Java, etc.

But it’s more than just technical skills — Full-Stack Developers also need soft skills like creative problem-solving, communication, and collaboration. If you want to look at them in more depth, we’ve created a beginner’s guide to web frameworks. For example, while C++ will not run on Python or PHP, these languages work on Java (and most other systems) because they are all general-purpose programming languages. Programming languages appear as domain-specific languages (DSL) and general-purpose languages. In the 1960s, there were fewer than 10 computer programming languages. Historically, the most popular languages have been Python, C, and Java, but SQL, Swift, and other contemporary languages are growing fast.

Django is open-source, and like Python, it doesn’t require much effort to learn. Some big companies that are built on Django include Spotify and Mozilla. The flexibility and simplicity of Python make it a preferred choice for many developers and programmers.

full stack web developer languages

I would suggest focusing on learning the three core languages of the web which are HTML, CSS and JavaScript. As you progress in your journey, then you can decide which path is appropriate for you. There are also many tech stacks for both front end and backend development.

This means some developers will be well-versed in web design and using software such as Photoshop and Illustrator to create graphics and themed layouts. Back-end developers work with front-end developers to make their projects work. I decided to first learn Android development then later transitioned to web development. I knew that with these skills, I was set and ready to apply for jobs. What sets Kotlin apart is that it’s completely operable with Java. Kotlin can be used to develop for Android, front-end web apps, desktop, and server-side applications.

You do not want to create web sites that cannot be used by those who use assistive technologies like screen readers. FreeCodeCamp’s Responsive Web Design Course will teach you the basics of CSS, responsive design, and accessibility. Responsive design is essential in creating websites that look good on all devices. In this article, I will explain what Full Stack full stack web developer languages Development is, what skills you need to become a Full Stack Developer, salary expectations, and tips for landing a job. Users can browse or purchase specific items, delete or add items in cart, change their profile, and do many other things. All these actions require a front-end user interface (UI), as well as some business logic, written in the back-end.


It is the primary language for web development and has received many updates. These days, people use HTML5, which is the latest version of HTML and has many features. HTML5 has plenty of features which make it an exciting language to learn.

If you started learning front-end coding, you should already know version control, but you will have to learn if you are starting in the back-end. Recently, it got the ECMAScript 2019, which released last year. Javascript is one of the top programming languages a coder needs to learn. Full-stack web developers require several programming languages. It is vital to learn multiple programming languages because no programming language can work in all situations. SQL is an industry-standard structured query language for creating, defining, implementing, accessing, and maintaining relational databases.

Some of the important improvements include introduction of frameworks like React, Angular, Node, Vue etc… That has made it easier for front-end developers to build projects. It was originally invented in the 1970s and is the primary language used in relational databases. SQL can retrieve any data stored in tables within a database based on certain criteria set by the user. The programmer then needs to be familiar with writing queries that specify what they want from the database while SQL handles retrieving the request.

The most in demand languages for Full Stack Developers in 2021

In theory, a full-stack developer has hundreds of back-end languages to choose from. With that in mind, let’s take a look at the core programming languages full-stack developers need to know. Coding Dojo is a programming and software academy that helps developers pursue a career path in tech. Full stack frameworks provide developers with libraries and resources that make coding easier. With predefined structures, they can focus on the details of their web application rather than planning from scratch.

Depending on whether you are self-taught or participate in a formal program, it can take varying lengths of time to learn full stack development. Python is the most popular server-side programming language in this section and is another programming language in C. It is a very versatile language and finds purpose in many other fields like data science, and machine learning along with back-end development for websites and applications.

The most important skill for any developer is knowing how to problem solve. Companies and clients are looking for you to provide solutions. If you mess up a lot of things in your code, you can use Git to go back to a previous version of your code instead of manually rewriting everything. CSS is responsible for the style of your web page including colors, layouts, and animations. To learn the basics of HTML, freeCodeCamp has a HTML Crash Course for Beginners – Website Tutorial.

The concepts might sound foreign, but just understand that there are different database management systems based on convenience and use. Learn about DatabasesThis are the brains that make websites/applications dynamic. You’ll need to understand how the client side and server side communicate. Databases provide an interface to let a user save data in a persistent way to memory. If you want to become a full-stack developer be sure that you clearly understand the basics before moving to the next step. Back end developers deal with the parts of a website that users don’t interact with directly or see.

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Our best advice is to start coding and building things as soon as possible, and these languages will put you in a great position to do that. Created by Apple, Swift is a high-level programming language that lets developers write code efficiently and simply. Apple first released Swift in 2014, but the company announced plans to make it open source in 2017. High-level languages are easier to program but require an interpreter for the machine. Conversely, low-level languages speak directly to the machine but are more difficult for programmers.

If you know these languages you can create algorithms to manipulate data delivered from the front-end side of the site. During the process of learning, though, you will need to practice to perfect your new skills. By having this skills alone you are able to develop static websites as part of your project and use them in your resume. To lead by example take a look at my portfolio that I made using this skills alone. The main role of front-end developers is to develop the visible parts of a website, mainly what the users can see and interact with.

full stack web developer languages

Each programming language has its own capabilities and advantages that make it popular. For a successful Full Stack development career, you must know multiple programming languages to be able to deal with both client and server-side web app development. So, let’s talk about the Top Languages For Full Stack Developers in 2023. Some examples of common scripting languages used are PHP, Ruby, and the most popular these days, Python. With these languages, a backend developer can create algorithms and business logic to manipulate the data that was received in frontend development. Web developers can create aesthetically pleasing, functional, and responsive sites with HTML, CSS, or JavaScript code.

C++ is ideal for full-stack developers who prioritize performance and code reusability. Like Python, Java is a reliable pick for full-stack developers trying to choose a back-end programming language. HTML is a standard markup language used for structuring and marking up web pages.

  • These courses may cover various languages, operating systems, and databases needed to successfully learn full stack web development.
  • C# also lends itself to rapid app development using frameworks like Xamarin.
  • MEAN has plenty of features which make it perfect for any full-stack developer.
  • There are more choices when it comes to working on a back-end application.
  • There are several programming languages that full-stack web developers require.

It emerged directly from one of the oldest programming languages and now integrates with C and C++ for computationally intensive work. While there are many pros and cons of using JavaScript, it has become one of the most popular languages today due to its help in streamlining the development process. Programmers can find various options for frameworks (like jQuery) that improve how they create animations and graphics and how they connect data models. Coders write instructions for machines in programming languages.

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You will eliminate your confusion on is python a full stack language when you use the relevant programming languages in your projects. Full stack coding requires a blend of both front- and back-end knowledge. A full stack developer builds an application, site, or software from beginning to end, using both sides of the development process. To be successful, they must have extensive knowledge and experience navigating multiple programming languages and frameworks.

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